Headaches are a common symptom and are often a part of shiroroga, a category of diseases affecting the head. Surprisingly, there are eleven distinct types of headaches:
These headaches stem from imbalances or aggravation of the three doshas: vata, pitta, and kapha, and each dosha underpins a specific type of headache.
Vattik shiroroga is linked to vata dosha aggravation and is characterized by sudden pain in the eyes and temporal region, light intolerance, ear pains, and neck stiffness. Oil therapies are effective for this type.
Paittik Shiroroga results from pitta dosha aggravation and involves burning sensations in the eyes and ears, as well as pain in the frontal lobe of the head. Increased milk intake, in combination with clarified butter or ghee, is beneficial. Nasya, with dietary and daily regimen adjustments, is recommended from a panchakarma perspective.
Kaphaj shiroroga is caused by kapha dosha aggravation. These headaches manifest as a heavy sensation in the head, puffiness in the eyes, and a swollen face. Loss of appetite, nausea, and itching in the ears often accompany the headache. Alleviation methods include nasya, fomentation, medicated smokes, and fasting.